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Environmental Hazards Assessment

Definition The Environmental Hazards Assessment, in the context of VA benefits, refers to the evaluation of a veteran’s exposure to environmental hazards during military service. This assessment aims to identify any potential links between the exposure to harmful toxins or chemicals and the development of specific health conditions or illnesses. The results of this analysis […]


The Environmental Hazards Assessment, in the context of VA benefits, refers to the evaluation of a veteran’s exposure to environmental hazards during military service. This assessment aims to identify any potential links between the exposure to harmful toxins or chemicals and the development of specific health conditions or illnesses. The results of this analysis can impact a veteran’s eligibility for disability compensation and healthcare benefits.

Key Takeaways

  1. Environmental Hazards Assessment is a process used by the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) to evaluate the potential risks and impacts of environmental hazards on the health and well-being of military veterans.
  2. This assessment may lead to the establishment of presumptive service-connections for certain medical conditions, providing affected veterans with easier access to VA benefits, healthcare, and compensation.
  3. Examples of environmental hazards examined by the VA include exposure to chemical, biological, and radiological agents, as well as psychological hazards faced during military service.


The term “Environmental Hazards Assessment” is important in the context of VA benefits as it refers to the evaluation of potential environmental toxins and exposures that military personnel may have faced during their service.

These environmental hazards, such as Agent Orange, contaminated water, or radioactive materials, could result in long-term or permanent health issues in veterans.

By accurately assessing these hazards, the Department of Veterans Affairs can identify eligible compensation and support for affected veterans, thereby ensuring proper healthcare, disability benefits, and resources to improve their overall quality of life after service.

Furthermore, it raises awareness about environmental risks faced by the military, leading to better preventive measures and policies to protect future servicemembers.


The Environmental Hazards Assessment is a critical element of the VA benefits system that serves to both protect veterans and their families and ensure that they receive the appropriate resources and care in response to their unique needs. The primary purpose of this assessment is to evaluate whether a veteran’s service-related activities have exposed them to hazardous materials, chemicals or conditions that may have led to or exacerbated their health issues.

By properly identifying and documenting these risks, the VA can effectively address the health concerns of veterans and their families and offer tailored financial assistance, healthcare services, and other individualized support programs. In the course of fulfilling their duties, many veterans may have been exposed to potentially hazardous substances like asbestos, contaminated water, or toxic fumes.

The Environmental Hazards Assessment helps the VA determine the extent and nature of these exposures and any possible long-term health effects arising from them. By conducting these assessments, the VA can not only identify the causal links between the environmental hazards encountered by service members and their health conditions but also facilitate the development and implementation of appropriate preventive measures to minimize future risk.

Furthermore, these assessments enable the VA to provide well-targeted support and closely monitor the health and well-being of the affected individuals, thereby ensuring that veterans and their families receive the care and assistance they rightly deserve.

Examples of Environmental Hazards Assessment

Agent Orange Exposure in Vietnam War Veterans: The Environmental Hazards Assessment regarding Agent Orange exposure involves evaluating the risks associated with exposure to the herbicide used during the Vietnam War. Many service members were exposed to this harmful chemical between 1962 and 1975, leading to various illnesses and health complications. The VA provides benefits to veterans suffering from specific diseases related to Agent Orange exposure, such as certain cancers, diabetes, and Parkinson’s disease.

Burn Pits in Iraq and Afghanistan: During the military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan, open-air burn pits were used to dispose of waste materials, including hazardous chemicals, medical waste, and human waste. Many veterans who were exposed to these burn pits reported respiratory problems, rare cancers, and other illnesses. The VA’s Environmental Hazards Assessment evaluates the exposure levels and potential risks associated with burn pit exposure and offers appropriate benefits and support for affected veterans.

Camp Lejeune Water Contamination: Between 1953 and 1987, the water supply at the Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune in North Carolina was contaminated with volatile organic compounds (VOCs) due to various chemical spills and improper waste disposal. These hazardous chemicals led to an increased risk of certain health conditions, including cancers and other illnesses among service members and their families who lived or worked at the base during that time. The VA’s Environmental Hazards Assessment aims to identify and provide care and benefits to veterans and their families who were affected by the contaminated water at Camp Lejeune.

FAQ – Environmental Hazards Assessment

1. What is an Environmental Hazards Assessment (EHA)?

An Environmental Hazards Assessment (EHA) is a comprehensive evaluation of potential environmental hazards that may impact the health and well-being of military personnel, their families, and the surrounding communities. EHA takes into account various sources of contamination such as water, air, soil, and other environmental factors.

2. Why is an EHA important for VA benefits?

EHAs serve as an important reference point for the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) to identify and address potential health problems that veterans and their families may have experienced due to exposure to hazardous environmental conditions during military service. The assessments aid in the determination of eligibility for VA benefits, medical treatment, and compensation for service-related disabilities.

3. How does the VA consider EHA findings when determining benefits?

The VA uses EHA findings as part of the decision-making process when reviewing claims for disability compensation or healthcare benefits. If a veteran’s medical condition is connected to environmental hazards they were exposed to during service, the VA may grant eligibility for benefits based on this information. Additionally, the VA may recognize specific medical conditions as being related to particular environmental hazards or incidents.

4. How do I find out if I was exposed to environmental hazards during my service?

You can start by contacting your former unit or command to request information on any potential environmental hazards you may have been exposed to. Additionally, you can check the VA’s Public Health Website for information on exposure events and specific environmental hazards recognized by the VA.

5. How do I submit a claim for VA benefits based on environmental hazard exposure?

To submit a claim, you will need to gather evidence and documentation about your military service, exposure to environmental hazards, and any medical conditions related to the exposure. This might include your service records, incident reports, photographs, and medical records. You can then submit your claim through the VA’s eBenefits website, by mail, or with the assistance of a VA-accredited representative or Veterans Service Organization.

Related VA Benefit Terms

  • Exposure Assessment
  • Contaminant Investigation
  • Risk Evaluation
  • Health Impact Analysis
  • Remediation Planning

Sources for More Information

  • U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs: The official website for the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, which offers information on various benefits and programs, including Environmental Hazards Assessments.
  • Veterans Health Administration Office of Public Health: This government agency specifically focuses on the health and well-being of veterans, including issues related to environmental hazards.
  • Vietnam Veterans of America: A nonprofit organization that provides support for Vietnam veterans and their families, including advocating for benefits and services such as Environmental Hazards Assessments.
  • DisabledVeterans.org: An online resource offering news, education, and information for disabled veterans, including those affected by or interested in environmental hazards related to military service.

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