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Fragmentary order (FRAGORD)

Definition A Fragmentary Order (FRAGORD) is a brief military directive issued by superior officers to their subordinates during operations, specifying the desired time and manner of executing a previously issued order. It is often used to make timely changes to current plans or instructions and can either modify or complement an existing operation order. FRAGORDs […]

Definition

A Fragmentary Order (FRAGORD) is a brief military directive issued by superior officers to their subordinates during operations, specifying the desired time and manner of executing a previously issued order. It is often used to make timely changes to current plans or instructions and can either modify or complement an existing operation order. FRAGORDs are considered crucial for making quick adjustments in response to unpredictable situation shifts on the battlefield.

Key Takeaways

  1. A Fragmentary Order (FRAGORD) is a type of military order issued to supplement an existing order, making alterations or changes to the original order based on new information or changes in the situation.
  2. FRAGORD is unique due to its brief format that is designed to minimize the time taken for transmission and implementation. It thus allows for real-time adaptation and timely responses to fluid situations in military operations.
  3. Despite its concise nature, a FRAGORD must detail the situation, mission or task, execution orders, administrative details and command and signal instructions to ensure that the new orders are effectively communicated and executed.

Importance

A Fragmentary Order (FRAGORD) is vital in military operations due to its role in timely, effective communication and strategic execution.

These concise orders are typically issued to alter an existing operation order or plan.

They enable commanders to make quick, important adjustments in response to evolving scenarios, without having to create a new comprehensive operation order.

These adjustments can entail modifications in tasks, coordination instructions, timelines, or resources.

By providing specific guidance rapidly, FRAGORDs contribute significantly to maintaining agility, adaptability, and the overall success in military operations.

Explanation

A Fragmentary Order (FRAGORD) plays a crucial role in maintaining operational efficacy in the military. The primary purpose of a FRAGORD is to adapt or modify existing operations orders, usually issued in response to changing circumstances on the battlefield or in preparation for anticipated changes.

It keeps all elements of a military unit synchronized by communicating changes in the operational environment, with the goal of ensuring that any adjustments made align with the overarching mission, strategy, and tactics. Essentially, a FRAGORD keeps the mission relevant and adaptable, enhancing its success rate.

FRAGORDs have uses for both large scale and smaller operations. In bigger operations, a FRAGORD could alter an entire battle strategy or battlefield positioning due to unexpected enemy movements or unforeseen events.

In more minute affairs, a FRAGORD might detail specific instructions for a new task or mission, or alternatively, provide further clarifications on an existing mission. Irrespective of the situation, a well-crafted FRAGORD equips military units with the agility to handle changes, thereby increasing their operational efficiency and probability of mission success.

Examples of Fragmentary order (FRAGORD)

Operation Desert Storm: During the Gulf War, there was a standing order to liberate Kuwait from the invading Iraqi forces. However, as situations on the battleground changed, FRAGORDs were issued to adapt to changing tactical scenarios, such as reassigning units to different sectors, adjusting fire support, or changing supply delivery timings and locations.

The Battle of Fallujah (Operation Phantom Fury): In the Iraq War, the initial objective of the United States-led multinational force was to capture or kill the insurgent forces following the deaths of four Blackwater USA private military contractors. Due to the density and complexity of urban warfare, many FRAGORDs were issued during the operation to address changing operational requirements, threat levels, and combat resources.

Operation Anaconda: During this operation in the War in Afghanistan, U.S. forces aimed to destroy Taliban and Al-Qaeda forces in the Shahi-Kot Valley and Arma Mountains. FRAGORDs were used to rapidly adjust plans and resources as the operation encountered unanticipated resistance and changing weather conditions. This included redirection of air support, adjustment of ground troop deployment, and changes in extraction plans.

FAQ on Fragmentary Order (FRAGORD)

What is a Fragmentary Order (FRAGORD)?

A Fragmentary Order (FRAGORD) is a type of military order issued by a superior command structure. It provides instructions or information not previously covered to units under its control, modifies an existing order or plan, or changes the task organization of that command. It’s often used to disseminate time-sensitive information that cannot wait for a full operations order.

When is a FRAGORD issued?

A FRAGORD is typically issued when there are changes to a situation or mission that necessitate immediate action before a full operations order can be produced. It is intended to be brief and fast to transmit essential information in a timely manner.

What information does a FRAGORD include?

A FRAGORD generally includes data such as the situation modifications, mission alterations, execution timeline, any logistical support changes, and the command and signal information. The exact elements can vary based on the situation and the issuing command’s requirements.

What’s the difference between a FRAGORD and an Operations Order (OPORD)?

While both FRAGORD and OPORD are types of military orders, their usage may differ. An Operations Order (OPORD) is a formal, detailed directive used to execute a planned operation, whereas a Fragmentary Order (FRAGORD) modifies an existing order. A FRAGORD is more flexible and time-sensitive than an OPORD.

How is a FRAGORD communicated?

A FRAGORD is communicated in the fastest, most efficient manner possible to ensure timely delivery and action. This could be verbally, in print, or electronically. The choice of communication means often depends on the urgency, the command structure, and the available technology.

Related Military Operation Terms

  • Operational Order (OPORD)
  • Military Decision Making Process (MDMP)
  • Tactical Mission Tasks
  • Warning Order (WARNORD)
  • Situational Awareness

Sources for More Information

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