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Execute order (EXORD)

Definition An Execute Order (EXORD) in military operations refers to a directive issued by the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, at the direction of the Secretary of Defense, to implement a decision by the President to initiate military operations. It provides the guidance for the military to mobilize troops and execute a specific […]

Definition

An Execute Order (EXORD) in military operations refers to a directive issued by the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, at the direction of the Secretary of Defense, to implement a decision by the President to initiate military operations. It provides the guidance for the military to mobilize troops and execute a specific operation plan. The EXORD details the mission, the force allocated and the timeline for deployment and execution.

Key Takeaways

  1. An Execute Order (EXORD) is a directive, typically issued by the highest levels of the military, that initiates a military operation. The order conveys instructions that pertain to the execution of a specific operation, including the mission objectives, execution timeline, and forces or resources to be used.
  2. EXORDs are typically classified documents due to the sensitive nature of the operations they detail. They are issued after extensive planning and coordination, and serve as the final instructions given to execute a specific task or mission.
  3. An EXORD not only outlines what needs to be done, but also provides operational parameters, risk assessments, and legal considerations. It is a comprehensive guide and resource for those involved in fulfilling the directive’s mission.

Importance

The term “Execute Order” (EXORD) is vital in military operations as it signifies the immediate action of a previously drafted operation plan or course of action.

It’s typically issued by a higher authority, such as the president or joint chiefs of staff, and is a direct command that specifies the plan to be carried out.

It ensures that all military personnel involved are aware and ready to initiate the predetermined plan efficiently.

EXORDs are important for maintaining the structure, discipline, and effectiveness of military operations, allowing for unified action in response to various situations, whether planned or unexpected.

Explanation

An Execute Order (EXORD) is a crucial component in military operations as it symbolizes the transition from planning to action. Essentially, it is the final step provided by a superior command that gives subordinate units detailed instructions and authorization to commence a planned operation or mission.

EXORDs are typically issued once the situation is clarified, specifics are known, and decisions are made. It aids in directing the intricate movements and actions of military units to accomplish precise objectives, thereby providing a thorough understanding of the tasks to be carried out, and the overall operational view.

The purpose of an EXORD is to ensure that all participating elements are aligned and prepared to undertake actions necessary to achieve the desired outcome. This may vary from launching a combat operation, conducting a non-combat evacuation, or performing a humanitarian aid mission.

It outlines the responsibilities and tasks assigned to each unit involved in the operation, including the personnel, logistics, and the timeline for implementation. By providing a comprehensive guide, EXORDs ensure efficiency, synchronization, and success in military missions.

Examples of Execute order (EXORD)

Operation Neptune Spear (2011) – This was the military operation that led to the killing of Osama Bin Laden. The EXORD for this operation was issued by U.S. President Barack Obama, giving the go-ahead for the mission led by the U.S. Navy SEALs.

Operation Desert Storm (1991) – This is the combat phase of the Gulf War. In this instance, President George H.W. Bush gave the EXORD to the allied forces leader, General Norman Schwarzkopf, to begin the campaign to expel Iraqi forces from Kuwait.

D-Day Invasion (1944) – The largest seaborne invasion in history, marking the beginning of the end of World War II was initiated by an EXORD. General Dwight D. Eisenhower gave the order to over 150,000 allied troops to invade Normandy and open a second front against Germany.

Frequently Asked Questions About Execute Order (EXORD)

What is Execute Order (EXORD)?

Execute Order or EXORD is a directive, usually classified, issued by the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (CJCS) on behalf of the Secretary of Defense, containing the essential execution elements of the Secretary’s decision. It orders a military action or exercise.

When is an EXORD used?

An EXORD is used to initiate a military operation or direct conduct of operations. While it’s widely used in all branches of the military, the specifics of its use may vary based on the specific guidelines of each military branch.

What’s included in an Execute Order (EXORD) file?

The contents of an EXORD file can vary greatly, but generally include the situation or mission, execution directives, administration and logistics, and command and control information.

Who has the authority to issue an EXORD?

The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (CJCS) issues an EXORD on behalf of the Secretary of Defense.

How is an EXORD different from an OPORD?

While both EXORDs and OPORDs are types of military orders, an Execute Order (EXORD) is usually more specific and direct in its intent than an Operation Order (OPORD). An EXORD triggers a specific military action, while an OPORD outlines the plans, routes, and methods for conducting a military operation.

Related Military Operation Terms

  • Active Duty: Military status of those currently serving in the military, who may be subject to EXORDs.
  • Deployment: The act of being sent on a military mission, often as per an EXORD.
  • Mobilization: The process of assembling and preparing military personnel and resources for active duty in response to an EXORD.
  • Stand down order: A directive to halt a mission or activity as soon as possible. It is the opposite of an EXORD.
  • Operational Planning: A strategic process undertaken to prepare for and carry out military tasks, including those given in an EXORD.

Sources for More Information

  • Joint Chiefs of Staff: The official site of the United States’ Joint Chiefs of Staff. This should have extensive information about EXORDs.
  • United States Army: The U.S. Army’s official website may provide details on EXORDs in the context of ground operations.
  • United States Air Force Academy: The official site for the U.S. Air Force Academy, which could offer educational insight on EXORDs.
  • United States Marine Corps: The official site for the U.S. Marine Corps. They may provide information about how EXORDs are used in their operations.

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