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En route care

Definition En route care refers to the medical and nursing care provided to military patients while they are being transported from a point of injury or illness to medical facilities. This care system ensures continuity, prevents exacerbation of health conditions and can include advanced interventions as well. It exists to optimize the health outcomes of […]


En route care refers to the medical and nursing care provided to military patients while they are being transported from a point of injury or illness to medical facilities. This care system ensures continuity, prevents exacerbation of health conditions and can include advanced interventions as well. It exists to optimize the health outcomes of patients throughout the entire evacuation process in military operations.

Key Takeaways

  1. En route care refers to the medical care given to military personnel during transportation, including the stabilization of patients and continuation of essential medical interventions from the point of injury to the final treatment facility.
  2. The objective of en route care is to minimize worsening of existing conditions, prevent secondary injuries, and preserve life, limb, and eyesight while transporting military service members to an appropriate care facility on time.
  3. It encompasses different tiers and portions of medical care, such as point of injury, tactical field care, tactical evacuation care, operational medical care, and strategic evacuation care. The process of care involves trained health service support personnel, medics, and uses specially equipped vehicles or aircrafts.


En route care is a crucial term in military operations as it pertains to the provision of continuous medical care to casualties during their medical evacuation or transportation.

This care is provided from the point of injury and it continues through to the comprehensive medical treatment facilities.

The main aim is to ensure that the person’s condition remains stable or even improves during transit.

This framework of military medical logistics is vital because it directly influences the survival and recovery rates of participants in military operations.

Therefore, the significance of en route care lies in its continuous delivery of medical services, reducing potential complications, saving lives, and ultimately contributing to the execution of successful military operations.


En route care is a critical component of military operations that focuses on providing continuous medical support to wounded personnel from the point of injury through to their arrival at a treatment facility. Its primary purpose is to ensure that soldiers who suffer injuries on the battlefield receive immediate, ongoing care as they are transported, minimizing the likelihood of their condition from worsening while in transit.

This practice is not limited to ground transportation, but can also involve air evacuations to facilitate rapid delivery of patients to more advanced care facilities. In a broader context, en route care serves as a vital mechanism for bridging the gap between on-site emergency treatment and definitive care at a fully-equipped medical facility.

By effectively managing a patient’s health during transportation, en route care can significantly improve the chances of survival and shorten recovery times. It also creates a seamless continuum of care that helps prevent secondary injuries and counters complications associated with long-term disability.

While it requires significant coordination and highly trained medical personnel, the strategy emphasizes preserving the force’s fighting strength and epitomizes the military commitment to leaving no one behind.

Examples of En route care

En route care refers to the medical care provided to patients during their transportation from an area of operation or medical facility to another. Here are three real-world examples.

Aeromedical Evacuation in the US Military: En route care is integral to the operations of the U.S. Military, which often has to move wounded soldiers from conflict zones to hospitals or medical facilities. For instance, the Air Mobility Command’s aeromedical evacuation system played a crucial role in Afghanistan and Iraq, ensuring patients received continuous medical care during their entire flight to hospitals in Europe or the United States. US Air Force personnel often use specialized aircraft made to provide intensive care level treatment while transporting injured or ill military personnel.

International Red Cross Assistance: The International Red Cross applies en route care during disasters. For example, during the 2010 earthquake in Haiti, critical patients were transported from makeshift emergency clinics to hospitals in different regions or countries. They received ongoing medical care during their transportation – en route care – to ensure their conditions wouldn’t worsen.

Civilian Emergency Response Teams: Whether dealing with domestic accidents or major catastrophes, civilian emergency response teams often provide en route care while transporting patients from disaster scenes to medical facilities. For instance, in events like a car crash, paramedics administer life-saving treatments on the way to the hospital–providing critical en route care which continues the care provided on the scene until arrival at the hospital.


Frequently Asked Questions about En Route Care

What is En Route Care in the Military?

En route care is a term used in the military to refer to the care provided to casualties during their transportation from one healthcare facility to another, or from the field to a healthcare facility.

What are the main components of En Route care?

En Route Care consists of three primary components: Tactical Field Care, Tactical Evacuation Care, and Care Under Fire. Each has its own distinct protocols and practices.

Why is En Route care important in the military operations?

En Route Care is crucial as it ensures the continuity of care during transportation. It can often be the difference between life and death, as injuries sustained during combat may require immediate medical attention.

What sorts of professionals provide En Route Care?

En Route Care is typically provided by combat medics and other military healthcare professionals who are specially trained to provide care under difficult and often dangerous conditions.

How is En Route Care different from stationary medical care?

Unlike stationary medical care which is conducted in a controlled environment such as a hospital, En Route Care must be provided in a mobile setting, often under combat conditions. It requires specialized training, equipment, and protocols to be efficiently executed.


Related Military Operation Terms

  • Medical Evacuation
  • Continuum of Care
  • Transportation Allowance
  • Medical Escort Service
  • Ambulatory Patient Transport

Sources for More Information

  • Ministry of Defence (UK) – This is the UK government department responsible for the defense of the country. They often publish guides and information about various military operations, including en route care.
  • U.S. Department of Defense – The official website of the U.S. Department of Defense where you could find various information related to military operations like en route care.
  • National Center for Biotechnology Information – The NCBI is a branch of the National Institute of Health in the U.S. It provides access to millions of articles from medical and biological journals, including topics like en route care in military operations.
  • The Joint Trauma System (JTS) – The JTS is part of the U.S. Defense Health Agency, and they work to improve trauma care delivery worldwide. They have resources and guidelines about en route care in military operations.

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