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Amphibious Vehicle Employment Plan

Definition The Amphibious Vehicle Employment Plan, in military operations, refers to a coordinated strategy outlining the utilization, deployment, and integration of amphibious vehicles during a mission or operation. These vehicles are designed for both land and water navigation, playing a crucial role in transporting troops, equipment, and supplies. The plan takes into consideration various factors […]


The Amphibious Vehicle Employment Plan, in military operations, refers to a coordinated strategy outlining the utilization, deployment, and integration of amphibious vehicles during a mission or operation. These vehicles are designed for both land and water navigation, playing a crucial role in transporting troops, equipment, and supplies. The plan takes into consideration various factors such as terrain, enemy threats, objectives, and available resources to efficiently and effectively employ amphibious vehicles in support of the overall mission.

Key Takeaways

  1. The Amphibious Vehicle Employment Plan (AVEP) refers to the strategic planning and coordination of using amphibious vehicles to execute military operations that involve transitioning troops and equipment from sea to land and vice versa.
  2. AVEP takes into account different factors such as the type of vehicles to be used, the terrain, the weather conditions, the mission objectives, and the required level of logistical support, to ensure the success of the amphibious operations.
  3. An effective AVEP often involves not only the successful deployment and extraction of troops and equipment but also the integration of the amphibious vehicles with other forces, such as air and ground units, to achieve a unified and synchronized execution of military objectives.


The Amphibious Vehicle Employment Plan (AVEP) is a crucial aspect of military operations as it outlines the strategic and tactical utilization of amphibious vehicles, which are essential for ensuring a seamless transition of forces between land and water environments.

This plan is of paramount importance because it allows for efficient coordination and collaboration among different military units, as well as providing clear guidelines on how to deploy, maintain, and control these versatile assets during various combat scenarios.

By having a well-structured AVEP, militaries can assure the optimal allocation of their amphibious vehicles, thus enhancing their overall mobility and operational capabilities, and ultimately, improving their chances of mission success in situations where land and water interfaces are critical factors.


The Amphibious Vehicle Employment Plan (AVEP) serves a critical purpose in the strategic planning and execution of military operations that involve both maritime and land domains. Its primary function is to streamline the coordination and integration of amphibious vehicles into a comprehensive, well-organized plan. This ensures that these specialized vehicles, which are designed to operate effectively both on land and in water, are utilized optimally in support of the overall operation objectives.

By accurately assessing and anticipating various factors, such as the mission goals, the terrain, and potential threats, AVEP plays a crucial role in maximizing the capabilities of amphibious vehicles and enabling military forces to achieve success both on and off shore. To achieve its purpose, the Amphibious Vehicle Employment Plan meticulously outlines how amphibious vehicles should be deployed, maneuvered, and supported throughout the different stages of a military operation. The plan takes into consideration the unique capabilities and limitations of these vehicles, as well as the specific requirements and constraints of the mission at hand.

Throughout this planning process, the AVEP also facilitates communication and synchronization between various units and branches involved in the operation. This comprehensive, collaborative approach ensures that each element of the military force is working together efficiently and effectively, minimizes potential risks, and enhances the overall likelihood of mission success. In essence, the AVEP enables military planners to harness the full potential of amphibious vehicles and integrate them seamlessly into the broader operational framework.

Examples of Amphibious Vehicle Employment Plan

An Amphibious Vehicle Employment Plan (AVEP) is a strategy designed to use amphibious vehicles to conduct military operations from the sea to the land. Here are three real-world examples:

Operation Overlord (D-Day, 1944): The most famous example of an AVEP is the Normandy landings during World War II. Allied forces planned the use of various amphibious vehicles, such as Higgins boats (LCVP) and LVTs (Landing Vehicle, Tracked), to breach the Atlantic Wall and establish beachheads for the invasion of German-occupied France. The successful operation involved extensive preparations, including the coordination of multiple amphibious landing sites across the Normandy coastline.

The Battle of Inchon (Korean War, 1950): The Inchon Landing was a large-scale amphibious invasion and a critical turning point during the Korean War. UN forces, led by the United States, launched a surprise attack on the heavily fortified Inchon harbor, using various amphibious vehicles like Landing Craft Utility (LCU), DUKWs (amphibious truck), and LVTs to transport troops, equipment, and supplies. The successful operation allowed U.S. and South Korean forces to push North Korean forces back from their positions, eventually leading to the recapture of Seoul.

Falklands War (1982): The Falklands War between the United Kingdom and Argentina featured several AVEPs. British forces engaged in amphibious landings at San Carlos Water, which involved the use of Landing Craft Assault (LCA), Landing Craft Utility (LCU), and Landing Craft Vehicle & Personnel (LCVP) to transport troops and equipment from ships to land. This operation led to the establishment of a British beachhead, enabling subsequent inland advances that ultimately led to the recapture of the Falkland Islands.

FAQ: Amphibious Vehicle Employment Plan

What is an Amphibious Vehicle Employment Plan?

An Amphibious Vehicle Employment Plan is a comprehensive strategy that guides the usage, deployment, and maneuvers of amphibious vehicles in military operations to achieve optimal efficiency, safety, and effectiveness in various mission scenarios. It covers aspects such as vehicle selection, landing zones, tactical routes, and integration with other military assets.

What types of amphibious vehicles are used in military operations?

There are several types of amphibious vehicles used in military operations, including Landing Craft Air Cushion (LCAC), Amphibious Assault Vehicles (AAV), and Expeditionary Fighting Vehicles (EFV). These vehicles are designed to operate on land and water, enabling troops and equipment to be transported smoothly from seaborne vessels to shorelines during military campaigns.

Why are amphibious vehicles necessary in military operations?

Amphibious vehicles serve a crucial role in military operations as they enable rapid deployment, transportation, and combat capabilities across water and land environments. They are designed to handle adverse terrain, and their flexible employment ensures mission success in various situations, including assaults, evacuations, disaster response, and logistics support.

How does an Amphibious Vehicle Employment Plan contribute to mission success?

An effective Amphibious Vehicle Employment Plan contributes to mission success by ensuring that amphibious vehicles are utilized and coordinated optimally. By considering factors such as vehicle type, landing zones, and integration with other assets, the plan helps to achieve faster and safer mission execution, efficient communication and command, and improved overall tactical performance.

How is an Amphibious Vehicle Employment Plan formulated?

An Amphibious Vehicle Employment Plan is formulated by assessing various factors such as the mission objectives, the available assets, the operational and environmental constraints, and the potential threats and challenges during military operations. The planning process involves input from various stakeholders, including commanders, staff, and vehicle operators, to create a practical, adaptable, and effective plan for the deployment of amphibious vehicles.

Related Military Operation Terms

  • Amphibious Operations
  • Assault Shipping
  • Force Projection
  • Tactical Mobility
  • Expeditionary Warfare

Sources for More Information

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