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Explosive ordnance disposal procedures

Definition Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) procedures refer to the systematic methods used to detect, identify, evaluate, disarm, and properly dispose of unexploded ordnance or other hazardous explosive devices. These standardized operations are typically performed by highly trained military personnel known as EOD technicians. The ultimate goal is to ensure public safety and prevent damage to […]


Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) procedures refer to the systematic methods used to detect, identify, evaluate, disarm, and properly dispose of unexploded ordnance or other hazardous explosive devices. These standardized operations are typically performed by highly trained military personnel known as EOD technicians. The ultimate goal is to ensure public safety and prevent damage to property.

Key Takeaways

  1. Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) procedures refer to the methods and precautions taken by the military and safety personnel to safely identify, evaluate, render safe, and dispose of unexploded ordnance or other hazardous explosive devices that pose a threat to people or property.
  2. The process of EOD procedures involves several critical stages, which include detection, identification, on-site evaluation, access, diagnostic, render safe/disruption, recovery & final disposal. These stages require keen expertise, specialized equipment, and coordinated team effort to ensure the safety of all involved and the public.
  3. EOD procedures apply to a wide range of military operations as well as civilian safety efforts, including combat environments, peacekeeping missions, humanitarian demining initiatives, and civil safety emergencies. They are critical in preserving lives, maintaining infrastructure and environmental safety and enabling the success of military missions.


Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) procedures are critical in military operations due to their role in managing and neutralizing threats linked with explosives.

These threats could include unexploded ordnance (UXO), improvised explosive devices (IEDs), and other hazardous explosive materials that pose risks to personnel, infrastructure, and mission accomplishment.

The procedures involve detection, identification, on-site evaluation, rendering safe, recovery, and final disposal of explosive ordnance.

Without standardized and coherent EOD procedures, armies could face serious threats and hindrances to their operations, with lives and equipment put in jeopardy.

Thus, these procedures are foundational for safety, seamless operations, and the successful completion of military missions.


Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) procedures serve a critical role in maintaining safety and security, especially in zones of conflict, military operations, and sometimes even civilian sites. The main function of these procedures is to handle, mitigate, neutralize, and safely dispose of unexploded ordnances- these can include artillery shells, bombs, mortars, grenades or improvised explosive devices that failed to explode when they were employed and still pose a risk of detonation.

Dealing with these explosive hazards is a dangerous occupation and requires specialist knowledge, skills, and tools. These EOD procedures ensure a controlled and safe removal or detonation of ordnance, preventing accidental harm to military personnel, civilians, and infrastructure.

Besides, in war-zones or post-conflict areas, these procedures play a pivotal role in humanitarian efforts, aiding the return to normal life by clearing remnants of war that may linger long after the conflict ends. They can help create safe passages, enable the rebuilding of infrastructure, and facilitate the resumption of agricultural activities.

Additionally, in a coveted science like forensics, EOD techniques can also assist in gathering evidence from the intact components of exploded or unexploded ordnance to support legal proceedings or investigations. All in all, EOD procedures contribute significantly to the overarching goal of safety and security in numerous domains.

Examples of Explosive ordnance disposal procedures

The Boston Marathon Bombing: After the two bombs exploded during the 2013 Boston Marathon, there were additional suspected devices reported. As a part of preventive measures, explosive ordnance disposal units were brought in to handle these potential threats. They had to analyze the situation, identify the potential explosive devices, and then either neutralize the device in place or transfer it to a safe location where it could be disposed of without harm.

World War II Unexploded Bombs in Europe: Several places in Europe, like Germany and the United Kingdom, are still finding unexploded bombs from World War II. EOD procedures come into play when these bombs are found, typically during construction. Professionals secure the area, evaluate the bomb’s condition, and make plans for safe disposal. Sometimes, it requires a controlled detonation or moving the bomb to a safer place for disposal.

EOD in Afghanistan: American and coalition forces in Afghanistan often face the danger of improvised explosive devices (IEDs). These IEDs are often hidden on roadsides or inside buildings, posing a significant threat to military personnel. EOD teams are responsible for finding and safely disposing of these IEDs. They use specialized equipment and robots to identify the location and type of IED, and then perform controlled detonations where necessary.

Frequently Asked Questions about Explosive Ordnance Disposal Procedures

What is Explosive Ordnance Disposal?

Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) is a critical part of the military operations where the role is to deal with the threat of unexploded ordnance, such as bombs, shell, grenades, etc. The main purpose is to ensure the safe disposal of these explosive materials and mitigate their potential harm.

What does an EOD procedure typically involve?

EOD procedures are typically comprised of detection, identification, field evaluation, and final disposal of the ordnance or device. The methods used may include remote-controlled robots, specialized disposal tools, or a manual approach by a highly-trained EOD technician.

What skills are required for EOD personnel?

EOD personnel must be highly trained in problem-solving, work well under high-pressure situations, have detailed knowledge on a variety of ordnances and explosives, and have a physical condition that allows them to wear heavy protective gear and withstand harsh conditions.

What safety measures are taken during EOD procedures?

Safety measures usually involve establishment of safe zones, evacuation of personnel not directly involved in the disposal, utilization of EOD protective clothing, and adherence to strict procedure and protocol.

Can civilians be involved in EOD procedures?

No, civilians are not typically involved in EOD procedures. These procedures are carried out by specialized military personnel or sometimes by police or fire department bomb squads.

Related Military Operation Terms

  • Demolition materials
  • Ordnance Handling Procedures
  • Detonating fuses
  • Safety precautions for explosive ordnance disposal
  • Disposal techniques for unexploded ordnance

Sources for More Information

  • EOD Warrior foundation – A non-profit organisation dedicated to helping EOD warriors and their families.
  • U.S. Navy – The official website of the United States Navy, which has a substantial section of its forces dedicated to EOD.
  • U.S. Department of Defense – The official website of the U.S. Department of Defense, a key source of information for all things related to the U.S. military, including EOD procedures.
  • CIA (The World Factbook) – The Central Intelligence Agency’s online reference resource that provides a wealth of information about a wide range of topics, including military matters.

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