* This site is privately owned and is not affiliated or endorsed by the Social Security Administration or any other government agency.

Equitable Relief


Equitable Relief is a discretionary provision in the VA benefits system that provides assistance to veterans, their dependents, or survivors when strict adherence to regulations would result in an injustice. It allows the Secretary of Veterans Affairs to correct errors, adjust benefits, or provide relief in unique or extenuating circumstances. The purpose of Equitable Relief is to ensure fairness and justice in the administration of VA benefits.

Key Takeaways

  1. Equitable Relief refers to the discretionary authority granted to the Secretary of Veterans Affairs to provide benefits or relief in situations where a veteran has been unfairly denied benefits due to an administrative error, oversight, or other circumstances beyond their control.
  2. Applying for Equitable Relief involves submitting a written request directly to the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, detailing the circumstances of the case, the legal or regulatory provisions prohibiting the benefits, and relevant evidence supporting the claim of unfairness or injustice.
  3. Equitable Relief is not guaranteed and is decided on a case-by-case basis. The Secretary of Veterans Affairs considers factors such as the severity of the injustice, the potential impact on VA resources, and the importance of maintaining a consistent and equitable benefits system for all veterans before granting the relief.


Equitable Relief is an important term in VA benefits as it offers a safeguard for veterans who might experience unique or exceptional circumstances that often lead to an unjust result under the existing rules and regulations.

This discretionary measure allows the VA Secretary to address such cases, providing necessary relief and rectifying any adverse consequences a veteran might face.

Therefore, it ensures that veterans’ interests and well-being are prioritized, considering their sacrifices to the nation and emphasizing the commitment to provide every eligible veteran with the benefits they deserve.


Equitable Relief is a provision within the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) benefits system designed to assist veterans who have experienced administrative errors or other extenuating circumstances in obtaining the benefits they are entitled to receive. The primary purpose of Equitable Relief is to ensure that veterans are not unfairly disadvantaged due to factors beyond their control, such as procedural mistakes, clerical errors, or delays in processing their claims.

By offering this form of relief, the VA aims to provide a fair and just resolution for veterans who might otherwise lose out on their entitled benefits. In specific cases where a veteran’s claim has not been handled properly or they have encountered difficulties in seeking their benefits, Equitable Relief can provide a solution.

The relief often takes the form of financial assistance, an extension of eligibility timeframes, or the correction of any errors in the veteran’s benefit records. This remedy acknowledges the fact that veterans deserve to have their benefits processed with care and consideration, and that when mistakes do occur, the VA has a responsibility to rectify them in a manner that serves the best interests of the veterans concerned.

Ultimately, Equitable Relief aims to protect the rights and dignity of veterans, recognizing their service to the nation and ensuring they receive the support and benefits they deserve.

Examples of Equitable Relief

Equitable relief refers to a special form of assistance granted to veterans who have faced a unique injustice or hardship due to circumstances beyond their control. The VA may provide equitable relief to veterans in cases where benefits were denied or delayed, or when there was a misunderstanding or misapplication of federal laws. Here are three real-world examples of equitable relief:

A veteran successfully applies for disability compensation benefits; however, due to an administrative error, they are placed in the wrong disability rating, resulting in a lower monthly payment. The veteran presents evidence to the VA that identifies the mistake, and the VA grants equitable relief by providing the veteran a retroactive payment for the differences in compensation and corrects their future monthly payments.

A disabled veteran sells their home and plans to buy a new one using the VA home loan benefit. Unfortunately, due to a clerical error, the VA fails to issue their Certificate of Eligibility in a timely manner, causing the veteran to miss out on a favorable loan opportunity and face financial hardship. As equitable relief, the VA might reimburse the veteran for additional expenses or find a satisfactory alternative to secure their loan.

A surviving spouse of a deceased veteran receives Dependency and Indemnity Compensation (DIC) benefits. The spouse relocates to another country and informs the VA of their change in address. Due to a misunderstanding, the VA terminates their DIC benefits, leading to financial distress for the spouse. Once the error is recognized, the VA grants equitable relief by reinstating the spouse’s benefits and providing a retroactive payment to cover the missed benefits.In each of these cases, equitable relief was used to rectify an injustice or hardship endured by the veteran or their dependent(s) due to unforeseen circumstances or misapplication of the rules by the VA.

FAQs about Equitable Relief for VA Benefits

What is Equitable Relief for VA benefits?

Equitable Relief is a discretionary power granted to the Secretary of Veterans Affairs to grant relief to ensure fairness and justice in the administration of VA benefits. It enables the Secretary to correct an error or alleviate an inequity that otherwise cannot be resolved through normal administrative processes.

Who is eligible for Equitable Relief?

Veterans, survivors, or their estates may be eligible for equitable relief if they can demonstrate the existence of an error, inequity, or hardship related to VA benefits. Each case is evaluated individually based on its circumstances and merit.

How do I apply for Equitable Relief?

To apply for Equitable Relief, you must submit a written request explaining the error, inequity, or hardship involved in your case and provide all supporting documentation. The request must be addressed to the Secretary of Veterans Affairs and can be submitted through your local VA office or mailed directly to VA Central Office.

What factors are considered when reviewing an Equitable Relief request?

Some factors considered in an Equitable Relief case include, but are not limited to: administrative or clerical error, misapplication of the law, misinformation by VA personnel, and cases involving good faith reliance on VA’s actions. Each case is evaluated on its own merits and circumstances.

What types of relief can be granted through Equitable Relief?

Types of relief available through Equitable Relief can include, but are not limited to: waiver or reduction of a debt, restoration of lost benefits, entitlement to a benefit not normally authorized by law, and retroactive awards of VA benefits.

How long does it take to process an Equitable Relief request?

The processing time for Equitable Relief requests can vary depending on the complexity of the case and the availability of supporting documentation. It is important to submit a complete and detailed request with all necessary documentation to ensure timely processing.

Can I appeal a decision made on my Equitable Relief request?

Equitable Relief is a discretionary authority granted to the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, and decisions related to Equitable Relief are final and not subject to appeal. However, if new and pertinent evidence becomes available that was not previously considered, a new request for Equitable Relief can be submitted.

Related VA Benefit Terms

  • Unjust Hardship
  • VA Error
  • Disability Compensation
  • Pension Benefits
  • Entitlement Adjustment

Sources for More Information