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Fighter engagement zone (FEZ)

Definition The Fighter Engagement Zone (FEZ) is a specific aerial region established for the tactical control of engaging air threats. In this zone, operations primarily involve the use of fighter aircraft. Thus, any hostile aircraft entering this zone is subject to engagement and interception by fighter aircraft. Key Takeaways The Fighter Engagement Zone (FEZ) refers […]

Definition

The Fighter Engagement Zone (FEZ) is a specific aerial region established for the tactical control of engaging air threats. In this zone, operations primarily involve the use of fighter aircraft. Thus, any hostile aircraft entering this zone is subject to engagement and interception by fighter aircraft.

Key Takeaways

  1. The Fighter Engagement Zone (FEZ) refers to an area of airspace defined by geographical features or the range of air-to-air weapons systems in which the responsibility for air-to-air defense is handed over to a fighter aircraft.
  2. Within FEZ, friendly aircraft are expected to engage any enemy aircraft that enters, using their air-to-air capability. The fundamental objective of FEZ is to offer tension free environments for strike, reconnaissance, or aerial refueling missions.
  3. Managing FEZ requires proper coordination among the various elements of the air defense system like radar units, ground control command, and communication infrastructure to ensure identifications, prioritization, and assignments of an enemy target to the right interceptor are promptly and accurately made.

Importance

The Fighter Engagement Zone (FEZ) is a crucial military operations term primarily because it delineates the specific spatial area in the air where fighter aircraft are allowed to carry out engagements.

It is regimented by highly proficient and interception-capable aircraft, often under the guidance of a ground-controlled interception with aid from airborne warning and control system (AWACS) aircraft.

The strategic planning involved in defining a FEZ is important for organizing air defense and determining where threats will be encountered.

Establishing a FEZ not only improves the safety and efficiency of air missions, but also helps maintain a tactical advantage by managing resources and decision-making effectively.

Thus, understanding and applying the concept of a FEZ is vital in modern military air operations.

Explanation

The Fighter Engagement Zone (FEZ) is a critical concept within military operations, particularly in Air Defense Artillery where aerial tactics and strategies are conducted. The primary purpose of the FEZ is to seize management and control of specific sections of airspace to conduct air-to-air warfare effectively against enemy aircraft.

This is typically achieved with superior fighter aircraft under the control of an Airborne Early Warning and Control (AEW&C) system. This control and management of airspace are crucial in ensuring the safety of own side aircraft, and in neutralizing or mitigating threats from enemy aircrafts.

The FEZ achieves this purpose by providing a designated area where the operations of fighter aircraft can be maximized and optimized, and the potential for friendly fire can be minimized. Defensive measures can be coordinated more efficiently within this zone, and fighter aircraft can gain tactical advantage by exploiting the zone for maneuvers such as ambushes or decoy strategies.

Being crucial to successful air defense, the use of a FEZ greatly contributes to the overall success of military operations by enhancing the effectiveness of air combat engagements. This controlled airspace can be customized depending upon factors such as the nature of the mission, the topography of the area, and the capabilities of the aircraft and systems being used.

Examples of Fighter engagement zone (FEZ)

Operation Desert Storm: During the Gulf War, the U.S-led coalition forces had established specific Fighter Engagement Zones (FEZ) in the airspace over Iraq and Kuwait to engage with Iraqi fighter jets. This operational concept allowed them to patrol designated areas to intercept any potential threats.

The Syrian Civil War: During this conflict, multiple countries, including Russia, Turkey, and the USA had FEZs in the complex and congested airspace over Syria. They used these zones to protect their respective forces, allies or to enforce no-fly-zones.

Vietnam War: The U.S. Air Force set up FEZs during several key operations, such as Operation Rolling Thunder, to counter North Vietnamese MiG-17 and MiG-21 fighters. These zones were continuously patrolled by U.S. Aircraft to rapidly engage with any encroaching enemy aircraft.

Frequently Asked Questions: Fighter Engagement Zone (FEZ)

What is a Fighter Engagement Zone (FEZ)?

A Fighter Engagement Zone (FEZ) is defined as the area centered on a point of aerial threat, where fighters are placed to destroy hostile forces that have crossed the Forward Line of Own Troops (FLOT).

What is the purpose of a Fighter Engagement Zone (FEZ)?

The primary purpose of a FEZ is to prevent enemy air forces from penetrating defense lines and reaching sensitive targets. It provides a defensive buffer, ensuring the protection of critical assets and forces.

What factors determine the size and location of a Fighter Engagement Zone (FEZ)?

Several factors influence the size and location of a FEZ. This includes the capabilities of the fighter aircraft, the expected direction of the enemy attack, the range of weapon systems, and the terrain among other factors.

How is a Fighter Engagement Zone (FEZ) operated?

Operations in a Fighter Engagement Zone (FEZ) are coordinated by an Air Defense Commander. The ADC deploys fighter aircraft and other air defense assets within the FEZ based on intelligence about potential threats. The ADC also coordinates with other command posts to ensure an integrated air defense.

What types of aircraft operate within a Fighter Engagement Zone (FEZ)?

A Fighter Engagement Zone (FEZ) typically involves the use of fighter aircraft that are suited for air-to-air combat. These jet fighters are responsible for intercepting and engaging enemy aircraft that pose a threat to the defended area.

Related Military Operation Terms

  • Air Defense Identification Zone (ADIZ): An area in which the identification, location, and control of civil aircraft are required in the interest of national security.
  • Combat Air Patrol (CAP): A type of flying mission that aims to protect certain areas from enemy aircraft.
  • Weapons Engagement Zone (WEZ): An area in which a commander intends to trap and destroy enemy aircraft through an elaborate weapon system.
  • Identify Friend or Foe (IFF): A radar-based identification system designed to identify aircraft, vehicles, or forces as friendly or enemy.
  • Fire Control Radar (FCR): A radar system used to provide guidance to weapons. It allows the weapon to hit the target accurately.

Sources for More Information

  • U.S. Department of Defense: This is the official website of the U.S. Department of Defense, which might contain information on the Fighter Engagement Zone or FEZ concept in their resources or official announcements.
  • Air Force Magazine: Air Force Magazine is an affiliate of the Air Force Association. It’s a reliable source often providing detailed insight into air warfare, strategy, and related concepts such as FEZ.
  • Encyclopedia Britannica: Britannica is a respected resource for all types of information, including military concepts. While not a specialist in military affairs, it offers a broad and reliable overview.
  • Federation of American Scientists: This site provides information on a variety of defense and national security topics. They provide resources and research, which could include the concept of the Fighter Engagement Zone.

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